Person-centered therapy was developed by Carl Rogers in the 1940s. This type of therapy diverged from the traditional model of the therapist as expert and moved instead toward a nondirective, empathic approach that empowers and motivates the client in the therapeutic process.
The first three conditions are empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard. These first three conditions are called the core conditions , sometimes referred to as the ‘facilitative conditions ‘ or the ‘client’s conditions ‘. In other words, they are the conditions that the client needs for the therapy to work.
The Key Features of the Person – Centered Approach Empathy (the counsellor trying to understand the client’s point of view) Congruence (the counsellor being a genuine person ) Unconditional positive regard (the counsellor being non-judgemental)
Carl Rogers is widely regarded as one of the most eminent thinkers in psychology. He is best known for developing the psychotherapy method called client-centered therapy and for being one of the founders of humanistic psychology.
Person-centred values These are the guiding principles that help to put the interests of the individual receiving care or support at the centre of everything we do. Examples include: individuality, independence, privacy, partnership, choice, dignity, respect and rights.
Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslow. Rogers believed that every person could achieve their goals, wishes, and desires in life. When, or rather if they did so, self actualization took place.
His theory of personality involves a self-concept, which subsumes three components : self-worth, self-image and ideal self. Rogers developed an approach of client-centered therapy to help people self-actualize, or reach their full and unique potential.
What is the most important factor related to progress in person – centered therapy ? the relationship between the client and therapist .
The four principles of person-centred care are: Treat people with dignity , compassion, and respect . Provide coordinated care, support, and treatment. Offer personalised care, support, and treatment.
There are four basic goals a person will achieve in successful person-centered therapy. They will become open to experience, learn to trust themselves, develop an internal evaluation of themselves and have a willingness to continue growing.
Client – centered therapy is most effective for individuals who are experiencing situational stressors, depression, and anxiety or who are working through issues related to personality disorders . However, Rogers didn’t want his clients to view themselves as patients or as a diagnosis.
The goals of client – centered therapy are increased self-esteem and openness to experience. Client – centered therapists work to help clients lead full lives of self-understanding and reduce defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity.
The 4 Major Personality Perspectives Psychoanalytic Perspective. Humanistic Perspective. Trait Perspective. Social Cognitive Perspective.
|Institutions||Ohio State University University of Chicago University of Wisconsin–Madison Western Behavioral Sciences Institute Center for Studies of the Person|
|Influences||Otto Rank, Søren Kierkegaard, Martin Buber, Friedrich Nietzsche, Leta Stetter Hollingworth|
Psychiatrists are medical doctors, psychologists are not. Psychiatrists prescribe medication, psychologists can’t. Psychiatrists diagnose illness, manage treatment and provide a range of therapies for complex and serious mental illness. Psychologists focus on providing psychotherapy (talk therapy) to help patients.