There are three primary models of supervision that are presented below. These are: (1) developmental models , (2) integrated models , and (3) orientation-specific models . The underlying premise of developmental models of supervision is the notion that individuals are continuously growing.
Five models of supervision are discussed: 1) directive, 2) alternative, 3) collaborative, 4) non-directive, and 5) creative.
Yes, there are many different types of supervision , ranging from one-to-one supervision , where a single supervisor provides supervision for another counsellor , to group supervision , where a designated supervisor acts as leader, taking responsibility for dividing time equally between counsellors, before focusing on the
As supervision became more purposeful, three types of models emerged. These were: (1) developmental models , (2) integrated models , and (3) orientation-specific models . Underlying developmental models of supervision is the notion that we each are continuously growing, in fits and starts, in growth spurts and patterns.
There are three types of supervision : administrative, clinical (also called educational supervision ) and supportive supervision . The most basic function of administrative supervision is to ensure that work is performed.
For most of these services, three levels of physician supervision are applicable: general, direct, and personal (42 CFR 410.32). General supervision means the service is furnished under the physician’s overall direction and control, but the physician’s presence is not required during the performance of the procedure.
Five Steps of Supervision Provide employees with the tools they need to do their jobs. Provide employees with the training they need to do their jobs. Help employees set goals to improve their performance. Become a resource. Hold staff accountable.
One of the most commonly used clinical supervision frameworks is Proctor’s Model , derived from the work of Bridgid Proctor : The model describes three aspects of the tasks and responsibilities of supervisor and supervisee; Normative, Formative and Restorative (management, learning and support).
In essence, the discrimination model involves the dual functions of assessing the supervisee’s skills and choosing a supervisor role for addressing the supervisee’s needs and goals.
It is advised that a supervisor should be experienced in the type of work being carried out by the supervisee (e.g. working with Children & Young People or Complex trauma etc.) As a guideline the NCS recommend 1.5 hours of supervision per month for counsellors who are in full time practice.
Supervision protects clients by involving an impartial third party in the work of a counsellor and client, helping to reduce the risk of serious oversight and helping the counsellor concerned to reflect on their own feelings, thoughts, behaviour and general approach with the client.
These standards say that the frequency of supervision should be six times per year for residential care (older people) and four times per year for domiciliary settings. It says that supervision should cover all aspects of practice, philosophy of care and career development needs.
Goldhammer, Anderson and Krajewski (1980), for example, propose the stages of clinical supervision as (1) pre -observation conference, (2) observation, (3) analysis and strategy, (4) supervision conference, and (5) post-conference analysis.
Orientation – specific models Counselors who adopt a particular brand of therapy (e.g. Adlerian, solution-focused, life-space, behavioral, etc.) often believe that the best ” supervision ” is analysis of practice for true adherence to the “brand” of intervention.
Types of Supervision : Autocratic, Laissez-faire, Democratic and Bureaucratic Supervision ! Types of supervision are generally classified according to the behaviour of supervisors towards his subordinates. These are also called as techniques of supervision .