Counselling Tools & Techniques The counselling relationship . The most fundamental aspect of any counselling is the relationship between the counsellor and the client. Talking therapy. Working with emotion. Positive counselling. Changing state. Induction techniques. Focusing. The use of imagination.
Assessment methods include a wide array of formal and informal instruments and strategies, such as standardized and nonstandardized tests, questionnaires, inventories, checklists, observations, portfolios, performance assessments , rating scales, surveys, interviews, and other measures.
Some of the main types of psychotherapy are outlined below. Psychodynamic ( psychoanalytic) psychotherapy . Cognitive behavioural therapy . Cognitive analytical therapy. Humanistic therapies. Interpersonal psychotherapy. Family and couple (systemic) therapy.
The five stages of counseling, relationship building, assessment , goal setting, intervention, and termination form the basic counseling structure, regardless of the type of therapeutic form the therapist chooses to practice.
5Cs: Consent, Confidentiality, Counselling , Correct Results and Connection; 2015 – PAHO/WHO | Pan American Health Organization.
The fundamental principles of counseling include autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice, and fidelity. Autonomy is not only an important philosophical concept but also a basic principle in counseling .
A Guide to Types of Assessment : Diagnostic, Formative, Interim, and Summative.
The 6 types of assessments are: Diagnostic assessments . Formative assessments . Summative assessments . Ipsative assessments . Norm-referenced assessments . Criterion-referenced assessments .
Examples of assessment tools Research Paper Rubric. Checklist. Search Report Process Guide. Evaluation of Instruction. Evaluation of Critiques of Scientific Articles. Evaluation of Lab Reports. Grading Guide. Poster Presentation Rubric.
12 Most Common Approaches Psychodynamic Counseling . Psychodynamic counseling is probably the most well-known counseling approach. Interpersonal Counseling . Humanistic/Client-Centered Counseling . Existential Therapy. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Mindfulness-based Counseling . Rational Emotive Therapy. Reality Therapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT ) is the most widely-used therapy for anxiety disorders. Research has shown it to be effective in the treatment of panic disorder, phobias, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder, among many other conditions.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy : CBT interventions tend to be relatively brief, making them cost-effective for the average consumer. In addition, CBT is an intuitive treatment that makes logical sense to patients.
Step 1: Relationship Building The first step involves building a relationship and focuses on engaging clients to explore issue that directly affect them. The first interview is important because the client is reading the verbal and nonverbal messages and make inferences about the counselor and the counseling situation.
Six Stages of Counselling Stage 1: Pre – contemplation . This stage is characterized by two distinct elements: a) the person not being able to see or understand what the problem is, and/or b) the client wanting some other person to change (the problem is them, not me). Stage 2: Contemplation . Stage 4: Action . Stage 5: Maintenance . Stage 6: After-care.