Theories Underpin Skills – If the counsellor is knowledgeable and capable of practising a range of theories , there is the opportunity to consider and explore the needs of the client to determine which therapeutic model would be most effective in the helping relationship.
Theories help counselors understand the dynamics of human behavior and choose therapeutic approaches appropriate to specific clients and situations. Psychological theories come alive in the counselor’s mind if they are seen as extensions of life experiences of various theorists.
Counsellors use counselling skills to help them better understand and listen to clients. The core counselling skills are described below. Attending. Silence. Reflecting and Paraphrasing. Clarifying and the Use of Questions. Focusing. Building Rapport. Summarising. Immediacy.
Fortunately, almost all of the many individual theoretical models of counseling fall into one or more of six major theoretical categories: humanistic , cognitive, behavioral , psychoanalytic, constructionist and systemic.
The three major categories of developmental counseling are: Event counseling . Performance counseling . Professional growth counseling .
Counseling is a collaborative effort between the counselor and client. Professional counselors help clients identify goals and potential solutions to problems which cause emotional turmoil; seek to improve communication and coping skills; strengthen self-esteem; and promote behavior change and optimal mental health.
An effective counselor can identify negative thinking patterns that may be feeding feelings of sadness, depression or anxiety. By encouraging you to build upon personal strengths and suggesting skills that can overcome self-inflicted feelings of hopelessness, a counselor can help you develop a more positive attitude.
Choose Your Orientation by Practice Choose a theoretical orientation based on how comfortable and effective it is for you in practice. Explore the boundaries of what you understand and enjoy about using a theoretical framework beyond the textbook. In therapy, words on a page are much easier read than realized.
Theories are vital: They guide and give meaning to what we see. When a researcher investigates and collects information through observation, the investigator needs a clear idea of what information is important to collect. Thus, valid theories are validated by research and are a sound basis for practical action.
For those looking to become a counselor, here is a brief list of skills and qualities good counselors have. Be organized within your practice. Practice ethically and professionally. Educate yourself. Be confident in your position and responsibility. Be respectful and non-judgmental.
To be a good counselor you must possess the following qualities: Patience : You need to be very patient . Good Listening: You need to be a good listener. Observant: Warm: Knowledgeable: Having empathy with the patient /client: Maintaining a therapeutic relationship with a patient : Confidentiality :
Essential skills for a career in counselling Attending and active listening. A non-judgemental approach. Respect for confidentiality and professional boundaries. Resilience, patience and humility. A genuine interest in others. Counselling training. Careers in counselling.
Here are some of the most common types of counselors: Marriage and family counseling. Guidance and career counseling. Rehabilitation counseling . Mental health counseling . Substance abuse counseling . Educational Counseling .
12 Most Common Approaches Psychodynamic Counseling. Psychodynamic counseling is probably the most well-known counseling approach. Interpersonal Counseling. Humanistic/Client-Centered Counseling. Existential Therapy. Cognitive -Behavioral Therapy. Mindfulness-based Counseling. Rational Emotive Therapy. Reality Therapy.
The following are the main tools and techniques which are employed in guidance services: Observation Technique : The observation technique is not frequently used in guidance and counselling. Interview Technique : ADVERTISEMENTS: The Cumulative Record: Adjustment Inventory or Schedule: The Case Study :