A. An ethical framework is a set of moral principles that provide guidelines for carrying out work with other people – in this context, the counselling relationship with clients. ‘Being ethically mindful and willing to be accountable for the ethical basis of practice are essential requirements for counsellors .
Beneficence: a commitment to promoting the client’s wellbeing. Non-maleficence: a commitment to avoiding harm to the client. Justice: the fair and impartial treatment of all clients and the provision of adequate services. Self-respect: fostering the practitioner’s self-knowledge, integrity and care for self.
The Ethical Framework is a set of principles and values that provide a solid foundation for safe and ethical practice within the counselling professions. It’s also a living framework , which can constantly respond to changes affecting the counselling professions, such as new legislation or research.
Ethical frameworks in counselling give us a set of standards to work to, helping to ensure consistency in provision across the profession – and thus also a benchmark for accountability (so supporting the investigation of any complaints from clients).
Based upon the three -part division of traditional normative ethical theories discussed above, it makes sense to suggest three broad frameworks to guide ethical decision making: The Consequentialist Framework ; The Duty Framework ; and the Virtue Framework .
Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism , rights, and virtues. The deontological class of ethical theories states that people should adhere to their obliga- tions and duties when engaged in decision making when ethics are in play.
Counselors must deal with a variety of ethical issues and dilemmas. Six ethical principles underlie ethical counseling practice; they are autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity (Box 5.1).
Principles Being trustworthy: honouring the trust placed in the practitioner. Autonomy: respect for the client’s right to be self -governing. Beneficence : a commitment to promoting the client’s wellbeing. Non-maleficence: a commitment to avoiding harm to the client.
This overview of ethical issues in school counseling explores some common situations school counselors might face. Confidentiality and Its Limits. Keep a Professional Distance. Respect Differences in Cultural Values and Traditions. Provide Equal Access to Opportunities and Support. Be Aware of Dual Relationships.
Five Sources of Ethical Standards The Utilitarian Approach. The Rights Approach. The Fairness or Justice Approach. The Common Good Approach. The Virtue Approach. Recognize an Ethical Issue. Get the Facts. Evaluate Alternative Actions.
1 – GATHER THE FACTS. □ Don’t jump to conclusions without the facts. 2 – DEFINE THE ETHICAL ISSUE(S) 3 – IDENTIFY THE AFFECTED PARTIES. 4 – IDENTIFY THE CONSEQUENCES. 5 – IDENTIFY THE RELEVANT PRINCIPLES, 6 – CONSIDER YOUR CHARACTER & 7 – THINK CREATIVELY ABOUT POTENTIAL. 8 – CHECK YOUR GUT.
What are the three ethical decision criteria, and how do they differ? The three ethical decision criteria are utilitarianism, rights and justices. Utilitarianism criterion in decisions is on their outcomes, which has a goal such as efficiency , productivity, and high profits.
Sincerity: a personal commitment to consistency between what is professed and what is done. Integrity: commitment to being moral in dealings with others, personal straightforwardness, honesty and coherence. Resilience: the capacity to work with the client’s concerns without being personally diminished.
Psychotherapy theories provide a framework for therapists and counselors to interpret a client’s behavior, thoughts, and feelings and help them navigate a client’s journey from diagnosis to post-treatment. Theoretical approaches are an understandably integral part of the therapeutic process.
An ethical framework informs professional counselling practice by creating a shared structure within which all counsellors work but with the flexibility to respond to the needs of different contexts and client groups.