Maggot therapy involves the use of maggots of the green-bottle fly, which are introduced into a wound to remove necrotic, sloughy and/or infected tissue. Maggots can also be used to maintain a clean wound after debridement if a particular wound is considered prone to re-sloughing.
Healing Wounds With Maggots
Maggot therapy is a type of biotherapy involving the introduction of live, disinfected maggots (fly larvae) into non-healing skin and soft tissue wounds of a human or other animal for the purpose of cleaning out the necrotic (dead) tissue within a wound (debridement) and disinfection.. There is evidence that maggot therapy may help with wound healing.
In maggot therapy, large numbers of small maggots consume necrotic tissue far more precisely than is possible in a normal surgical operation, and can debride a wound in a day or two.
In this therapy live, sterile maggots of green bottle fly, Lucilia (Phaenicia) sericata are used, as they prefernecrotic tissues over healthy for feeding. Since centuries, MDT is used in humanbeings to treat chronic wounds .
In my experience, hydrogen peroxide works very well to remove the maggots . They do not particularly like the peroxide so those that are not washed away leave the area as fast as they can squirm. A good set of forceps can be helpful for stragglers or runaways.
The maggots not only dissolve the dead skin with their digestive enzymes to debride the wound by also disinfect as they work . They do so in three ways: by consuming microbes that die in their gut, dissolving harmful microorganisms on the surface of the wound and secreting antimicrobial molecules into the affected area.
Cutaneous myiasis, in which the maggot penetrates the skin and develops in the tissue under the skin , is probably the most commonly observed form of myiasis. The most common infestation sites are exposed areas such as the extremities, back, and scalp.
This will suffocate any remaining maggots , if any, which can then be removed in the next dressing cycle. As we all know the myriad benefits of turmeric , it is fortunately not just restricted to humans. Turmeric is an immensely useful antiseptic for pets as well.
Both leeches and maggots were approved by the FDA in 2004 as a single- use medical device. Prior to being used , they are kept in safe, sterile containers. Following use , they are immediately disposed of as biohazardous waste.
Maggots , otherwise known as fly larvae, are, of course, famous for eating the flesh of dead animals, and in this they perform a vital, if unglamorous, cleansing function in nature. But also – less often – maggots can infest and feed on the flesh of live animals and humans , a phenomenon known as myiasis.
Maggot -associated pain occurs in less than 30% of patients, and most often after 48 hours of therapy , when the maggots are satiated, finished working, and trying to escape. Thus, the pain is generally predictable and treatable. Those patients with pre-existing wound pain should be warned and given access to analgesics.
Diabetic or other neglected wounds with foul-smelling discharge attract maggots . Infestation develops when flies lay their eggs in decaying tissues of open wounds ; subsequently, larvae develop and cause significant damage by their movement and feeding activity.
If you want to try a more natural method, try a solution of one part vinegar with three parts boiling water. This solution will kill the live maggots and will also remove the fly-attracting odors from your trash can , temporarily preventing them from laying eggs.
It’s possible for maggots to become contaminated with Salmonella enteritidis and Escherichia coli bacteria. Symptoms of an E. coli infection include fever, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, and cramping.
It takes days for fly larvae to reach a full-grown stage, something that should not happen in a properly treated patient, said Jeff Tomberlin, a Texas A&M University professor and chairman of the American board of forensic entomology. “ Maggots in a wound are not good ,” he said.
There are now more than 1,000 therapists using maggot therapy in the United States, Sherman said. A treatment supply of medicinal maggots costs less than $100, but can save thousands or even tens of thousands of dollars in medical, surgical and hospital costs .
Maggot therapy. Your doctor puts maggots from fly larvae (specially bred in a lab so they’re sterile) on your wound, where they eat dead and infected tissue without hurting healthy tissue. They also help fight infection and speed healing by releasing chemicals that kill bacteria.