The aim of an object relations therapist is to help an individual in therapy uncover early mental images that may contribute to any present difficulties in one’s relationships with others and adjust them in ways that may improve interpersonal functioning. 9 mei 2016
Object relations therapy focuses on helping individuals identify and address deficits in their interpersonal functioning and explore ways that relationships can be improved.
In object – relations theory , objects are usually persons, parts of persons, or symbols of one of these. Representation refers to the way the person has or possesses an object . Object representation is the mental representation of an object .
Central to object relations theory is the notion of splitting, which can be described as the mental separation of objects into “good” and “bad” parts and the subsequent repression of the “bad,” or anxiety-provoking, aspects.
According to the object relations theory , the way mothers and infants interact plays a crucial role in infant growth and development. If care is adequate or “good enough,” children are able to develop their true selves, which is the part of the baby that is creative and spontaneous.
It is suggested that Winnicotts object relations concepts and attachment theory each provide a framework to explain similar psychological and interpersonal phenomena. The family in family therapy is described in terms of the interpersonal dynamic suggested by attachment theory .
What is meant by whole object relations ? This is the ability to form an integrated, realistic, and relatively stable image of oneself and other people that simultaneously includes both liked and disliked aspects and also strengths and flaws.
What is the overarching principle of object relations theory ? We relate to others through our mental images of them. One of Erikson’s major contributions to psychology is the theory that development is not limited to childhood, but in fact takes place in an ongoing way throughout life.
Some examples of behaviors and their explanations using psychodynamic perspective include: Obsessive hand washing could be linked to a trauma in childhood that now causes this behavior. Another compulsive behavior is hair plucking. Compulsively counting footsteps could be linked to an incident in childhood.
Object relations study the internal world of our relationships . 3. Internal world tends to be more important than the external world because it shapes the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of the person.
Winnicott thought that the “False Self” developed through a process of introjection, (a concept developed early on by Freud) in or internalising one’s experience of others. Winnicott saw this as an unconscious process: not only others but also the person himself would mistake his False Self for his real personality.
Some psychological theorists have speculated that traumatic disappointment in early childhood creates a later dependency on others in what seems to be an intense form of “ object hunger .” Such needs are generally based on the feelings, attitudes, fantasies, adaptations, and defenses that are repetitions of reactions
What do all Ego Analyst emphasize and believe? Include adaptive functions such as speech, learning, memory, and perception. Unlike classic psychoanalytic theory, emphasizes growth and development of reality-oriented functions (memory, language, judgment, decision making) and processes rather than unconscious drives.
Melanie Klein (née Reizes) (30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian-British author and psychoanalyst known for her work in child analysis. She was the primary figure in the development of object relations theory.
|Influences||Sigmund Freud Karl Abraham|
Four main styles of attachment have been identified in adults: secure. anxious-preoccupied. dismissive-avoidant. fearful-avoidant.
Attachment theory is a psychological, evolutionary and ethological theory concerning relationships between humans. The most important tenet is that young children need to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for normal social and emotional development.
Answer and Explanation: Attachment theory grew out of psychoanalytic ideas, such as object relations theory , but it is not considered a psychodynamic theory itself.