The Person-Environment-Occupation ( PEO ) model is a model that emphasizes occupational performance shaped by the interaction between person, environment, and occupation. The occupation refers to the groups of tasks that a person engages in and meets his/her self-maintenance, expression and fulfillment.
Law et al
Although the PEO model is a holistic and transactive approach that is applicable to a variety of intervention situations, it is often necessary to combine the model with a frame of reference to best meet the needs of a client.
The PEOP model is similar to the PEO model but it provides a bit more detail in terms of what we should be considering when analysing the person, environment and occupation. It also illustrates the transaction that occurs during occupational performance in a slightly different way.
Professional Employer Organization
Many different models of the OT process have been developed, and they each attempt to guide a therapist through the stages of applying occupational theory to a practical client situation. CMOP-E Canadian Model of Occupational Performance & Engagement. MOHO Model of Human Occupation. MoCA Model of Creative Ability.
The Kawa Model is a therapeutic method developed in Japan by occupational therapists. Kawa is the Japanese word for ‘ river ‘. The Kawa Model uses the natural metaphor of a river to depict one’s life journey. The varying and chronological experience of life is like a river , flowing from the high lands down to the ocean.
Occupational Adaptation Model (OAM) is proposed as a frame of reference that aims to integrate the two main domains ( occupation and adaptation ) for occupational therapy. It defines occupation as self-perceived meaningful activities that require active participation and lead to a product.
Occupational Therapy professionals use “theory” to guide their practice. A Theory is the base of any profession in which construction or modification can be done with valid reasoning. Theories are, in general, may be a belief, policy or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action.
The behavioral frame of reference (FOR) emphasizes on the use of behavioral modification to shape behaviors , which purports to increase the tendency of adaptive behaviors or to decrease the probability of maladaptive learned behaviors .
The rehabilitative frame of reference focuses on adaptation for lost body function and focuses on what the patient can do rather than what he or she cannot do.
In occupational therapy , a person’s ability to perform the required activities, tasks, and roles of living.
The Ecology of Human Performance framework (EHP) focuses on the relationship between several important constructs in occupational therapy; they are person, context, task, performance , and therapeutic intervention, in order to get a throughout understand of human occupation.