Pluralism in counselling and psychotherapy can be both an attitude towards therapy and a specific practice. Pluralistic attitude: a general respect for different approaches, and a willingness to help clients find the right therapy for them.
Pluralistic therapy: An Introduction The pluralistic approach is a collaborative, integrative perspective , deeply rooted in humanistic and person-centred values. Its fundamental premise is that each client is unique, and therefore may need different things from therapy.
The basic principle of pluralistic therapy is that different people are helped by different processes and activities at different times, and that the best way of deciding on how therapy should proceed is to engage the client in a process of shared decision-making.
A first difference , though, is that, as we’ve seen, pluralism can be a general attitude towards the therapeutic field as a whole, whereas integration or eclecticism refer to a specific practice. Pluralism isn’t trying to promote itself as another brand of therapy or take over from integrative or eclectic approaches.
Pluralism refers to the idea that there are many valid responses or answers to any significant questions about the nature of reality (Rescher, 1993). In recent years, the concept of pluralism has been applied within the field of counselling, counselling psychology and psychotherapy in three ways.
In a pluralistic society , many subcultures exist, each with their own beliefs and practices. Indonesia is a pluralistic society , where people of different backgrounds (religion, caste, culture, language, ethnicity) live side by side.
Pluralism as a political philosophy is the recognition and affirmation of diversity within a political body, which is seen to permit the peaceful coexistence of different interests, convictions, and lifestyles.
Integrative counselling looks at the whole person, taking into account your mental, physical and emotional needs. Your therapist will use techniques and tools from different modalities to tailor an individual approach for you.
Pluralistic : This approach perceives organisation as a coalition of competing interest between management and different groups, trade unions as legitimate representative of employee’s interests and stability in Industrial Relation as the product of concessions and compromises between management and workers.
Integrated theories are theories that combine the concepts and central propositions from two or more prior existing theories into a new single set of integrated concepts and propositions. The most common form of integration involves combining social control and social learning theories .
Integration in psychotherapy involves four possible approaches : theoretical integration (i.e., transcending diverse models by creating single but different approach ), technical eclecticism (i.e., using effective ingredients from different approaches ), assimilative integration (i.e., working primarily from within one
Integrative counselling and psychotherapy is a type of talking therapy that recognises that people are diverse and complex, so that it may be helpful for a therapist to draw on more than one counselling approach, in order to meet the individual needs of each client.