Psychodynamic Counselling tries to help clients understand long-standing conflicts from the past which helps the client become more self-aware and bring what is unconscious into consciousness. It focuses on the fact that many of the personal troubles in life are the result of mental processes that are hidden from us.
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the psychological roots of emotional suffering. Its hallmarks are self-reflection and self-examination, and the use of the relationship between therapist and patient as a window into problematic relationship patterns in the patient’s life.
Some examples of behaviors and their explanations using psychodynamic perspective include: Obsessive hand washing could be linked to a trauma in childhood that now causes this behavior. Another compulsive behavior is hair plucking. Compulsively counting footsteps could be linked to an incident in childhood.
In contrast to the psychodynamic approach, the person – centred approach focuses on the conscious mind and what is going on in the here-and-now whereas the psychodynamic approach focuses on the subconscious and looks to early childhood to examine unresolved conflicts.
WEAKNESSES Determinist The psychodynamic approach is very determinist as it says that suffering childhood trauma will lead to abnormal behaviour in adulthood, however it ignores the influence of genes (biology), reward (behaviourism), and thinking patterns (cognitive approach ).
CBT was found to be superior than psychodynamic psychotherapy, however, on a few other, secondary measures the researchers used, specifically those that measured trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), worrying (Penn State Worry Questionnaire), and depression (BDI).
The five tools and techniques below are common practice for many types of psychodynamic therapy. Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM ) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, or DSM, is often referred to as the clinical psychologist’s Bible. Rorschach Inkblots . Freudian Slip. Free Association . Dream Analysis.
Cons of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Less structured than CBT. Longer term commitment required. Can be expensive (due to length of therapy ) Discusses childhood/personal history which some may not wish to do. Requires interpretation from the therapist – lacks objectivity.
Brief psychodynamic therapy is goal-oriented and can take as many as 25 sessions. Long-term psychodynamic therapy may take two years or more.
In psychodynamic therapy , the patient is encouraged to talk freely about whatever happens to be on their mind. As the patient does this, patterns of behavior and feelings that stem from past experiences and unrecognized feelings become apparent.
The big schools of thought in therapy can be divided into psychodynamic therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy ( CBT ). Both are talk-based therapies that are highly effective for a number of issues and concerns.
Primarily used to treat depression, psychodynamic therapy can be particularly beneficial for those who have lost meaning in their lives or have difficulty forming or maintaining personal relationships.
12 Most Common Approaches Psychodynamic Counseling. Psychodynamic counseling is probably the most well-known counseling approach. Interpersonal Counseling. Humanistic/Client-Centered Counseling. Existential Therapy . Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy . Mindfulness-based Counseling. Rational Emotive Therapy . Reality Therapy .
Fortunately, almost all of the many individual theoretical models of counseling fall into one or more of six major theoretical categories: humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, psychoanalytic, constructionist and systemic.
Some of the main types of psychotherapy are outlined below. Psychodynamic ( psychoanalytic) psychotherapy . Cognitive behavioural therapy . Cognitive analytical therapy. Humanistic therapies. Interpersonal psychotherapy. Family and couple (systemic) therapy.