The five tools and techniques below are common practice for many types of psychodynamic therapy. Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM ) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, or DSM, is often referred to as the clinical psychologist’s Bible. Rorschach Inkblots . Freudian Slip. Free Association . Dream Analysis.
The psychoanalyst uses various techniques as encouragement for the client to develop insights into their behavior and the meanings of symptoms, including inkblots, parapraxes, free association , interpretation (including dream analysis ), resistance analysis and transference analysis .
Perspectives on Psychology- The Psychodynamic approach – key features . Key features of the Psychodynamic approach are: Our behaviour and feelings as adults are rooted in our childhood experiences. Our behaviour and feelings are powerfully affected by the meaning of events to the unconscious mind.
Benefits Of Psychodynamic Therapy The ability to recognize symptoms before they get out of control. Confidence. Self -awareness. Coping skills. A deeper knowledge of self . Acceptance. Long lasting, effective relief.
Major techniques used by psychodynamic therapists include free association, dream interpretation, recognizing resistance and transference, working through painful memories and difficult issues, and building a strong therapeutic alliance.
In humanistic therapy, there are two widely practiced techniques: gestalt therapy (which focuses on thoughts and feelings here and now, instead of root causes) and client-centered therapy (which provides a supportive environment in which clients can reestablish their true identity).
Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality argues that human behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of the mind: the id, ego, and superego.
Kernberg. Four aspects jointly determine the very essence of psychoanalytic technique : interpretation, transference analysis, technical neutrality, and countertransference analysis.
Here are her 9 tips for reading others : Create a baseline. People have different quirks and patterns of behavior. Look for deviations. Notice clusters of gestures. Compare and contrast. Look into the mirror. Identify the strong voice. Observe how they walk. Pinpoint action words.
WEAKNESSES Determinist The psychodynamic approach is very determinist as it says that suffering childhood trauma will lead to abnormal behaviour in adulthood, however it ignores the influence of genes (biology), reward (behaviourism), and thinking patterns (cognitive approach ).
Some examples of behaviors and their explanations using psychodynamic perspective include: Obsessive hand washing could be linked to a trauma in childhood that now causes this behavior. Another compulsive behavior is hair plucking. Compulsively counting footsteps could be linked to an incident in childhood.
One strength of the psychodynamic approach is that it takes both nature and nurture into account. This is a strength because it emphasises the importance of both. An example of this is that Freud’s assumption of childhood experiences focused on nurture whereas the ID, Ego and Super-ego focused on nature.
In psychodynamic therapy , the patient is encouraged to talk freely about whatever happens to be on their mind. As the patient does this, patterns of behavior and feelings that stem from past experiences and unrecognized feelings become apparent.
CBT was found to be superior than psychodynamic psychotherapy, however, on a few other, secondary measures the researchers used, specifically those that measured trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), worrying (Penn State Worry Questionnaire), and depression (BDI).
Cons of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Less structured than CBT. Longer term commitment required. Can be expensive (due to length of therapy ) Discusses childhood/personal history which some may not wish to do. Requires interpretation from the therapist – lacks objectivity.