At its most basic therapist self – disclosure may be defined as the revelation of personal rather than professional information about the therapist to the client. Deliberate self – disclosure refers to therapists’ intentional, verbal or non-verbal disclosure of personal information.
Appropriate self – disclosure is client-focused, validates the client’s experience and spurs further exploration. A constructive disclosure is brief, focused on meaning and light on story. Professional counseling relationships require a harmony of the necessary theoretical and relational components.
According to Zur (2010), one of the most cited examples of inappropriate self – disclosures are when practitioners discuss their own personal problems and hardships with their clients with no clinical rationale or purpose.
One of the benefits of self – disclosure is that we gain new perspectives about themselves and a deeper understanding about our own behavior. In therapy, for example, views into the often arise when the client is doing self – disclosure . Clients may be aware of aspects of behavior or relationships which have not know it.
We self – disclose verbally, for example , when we tell others about our thoughts, feelings, preferences, ambitions, hopes, and fears. And we disclose nonverbally through our body language, clothes, tattoos, jewelry, and any other clues we might give about our personalities and lives.
61 to 81 indicates an open person with high levels of self – disclosure . Some of these topics may make others uncomfortable or cause the judge you harshly or take advantage of you.
Self – disclosure in therapy is when a therapist shares their own personal views or experience with a client with the purpose of improving the client’s emotional or mental state. It should be done solely for the purpose of helping the client, and not to meet the needs of the therapist.
Self – disclosure does not automatically lead to favourable impressions. Another risk is that the other person will gain power in the relationship because of the information they possess. Finally, too much self – disclosure or self – disclosure that comes too early in a relationship can damage the relationship.
Those steps include the following: Consider the benefits. Ask yourself in advance of using self – disclosure just how the disclosure will help the client. Consider the risks. Be brief. Use “I statements.” Make it clear that you are giving your opinion based on your personal experiences only. Consider your client’s values.
Inappropriate self – disclosures are those that are done primarily for the benefit of the therapist, clinically counter-indicated, burdens the client with unnecessary information or creates a role reversal where a client, inappropriately , takes care of the therapist. Types Of Self – Disclosure .
Self – Disclosure Explained Disclosing thoughts and feelings and allowing a partner to reveal their ‘true selves’ leads to greater intimacy in romantic relationships , and ultimately to more satisfaction. Self – disclosure is a central concept in Social Penetration Theory proposed by Altman and Taylor (1973).
Now, self – disclosure is understandably difficult , because we put a great deal on the line when we do so. The thing is, when we self – disclose , we expose ourselves fully – our fears, our faults, our feelings. There is an immense amount of vulnerability involved.
Which of the following BEST describes self – disclosure ? – The process of communication where a person reveals more personal and intimate details about his or her life to another person.
How can self – disclosure impact (both positively and negatively) your life at work or school ? Self – disclosure could negatively put you in positions where people are gossiping about you. Self – disclosure could positively put in a position where people are friendly to you and want to learn more about you.
Why Disclosures Are Important The disclosure is as important to a research report as footnotes are to a corporate financial report. Footnotes are used by corporations to provide investors with details of specific financial line items within the company’s financial statements.