Transference and countertransference in counselling

Transference and countertransference in counselling

  • Countertransference is essentially the reverse of transference. In contrast to transference (which is about the client’s emotional reaction to the therapist), countertransference can be defined as the therapist’s emotional reaction to the client. Similarly to transference, countertransference is a common occurrence in therapy.

Transference and countertransference describe two commonly occurring scenarios within a counseling relationship. Both transference and countertransference represent the manner in which the client acts and feels toward the therapist and vice versa.

What is transference and countertransference in counseling?

In a therapy context, transference refers to redirection of a patient’s feelings for a significant person to the therapist . Countertransference is defined as redirection of a therapist’s feelings toward a patient, or more generally, as a therapist’s emotional entanglement with a patient.

How do you deal with transference and countertransference?

Step 1: Increase your own awareness of when it is occurring Ensure you are aware of own countertransference . Attend to client transference patterns from the start. Notice resistance to coaching. Pick up on cues that may be defences. Follow anxieties. Spot feelings and wishes beneath those anxieties.

What is an example of transference?

Transference occurs when a person redirects some of their feelings or desires for another person to an entirely different person. One example of transference is when you observe characteristics of your father in a new boss. You attribute fatherly feelings to this new boss. They can be good or bad feelings.

Is my therapist experiencing countertransference?

However, if your therapist is expressing intense emotions about you, judging you, or praising you excessively, the problem might be countertransference . If you are not sure whether that is what is happening, it might be helpful to you to talk to others about your situation and learn from their experiences.

What are signs of countertransference?

Signs of countertransference in therapy can include a variety of behaviors, including excessive self -disclosure on the part of the therapist or an inappropriate interest in irrelevant details from the life of the person in treatment .

What is transference and countertransference examples?

Transference (noun): the redirection of feelings about a specific person onto someone else (in therapy, this refers to a client’s projection of their feelings about someone else onto their therapist). Countertransference (noun): the redirection of a therapist’s feelings toward the client.

Is countertransference an ethical issue?

work through dilemmas in practice that involve countertransference , there are several ethical issues to be considered: As noted in the CASW Guidelines for Ethical Practice (2005) “social workers avoid conflicts of interest that interfere with the exercise of professional discretion and impartial judgment.

What’s the difference between transference and projection?

is that projection is (psychology) a belief or assumption that others have similar thoughts and experiences as oneself while transference is (psychology) the process by which emotions and desires, originally associated with one person, such as a parent, are unconsciously shifted to another.

How do therapists deal with transference?

Tips for dealing with transference You are not ‘crazy’ for being attracted to your therapist or associating them with your father. The important thing is to bring these feelings to light and discuss them together. If you are feeling trapped by your thoughts and unable to break free, try to give it time.

Is transference a defense mechanism?

Transference is often related to anger and other relatively hostile emotions. People naturally want to avoid feelings of anger or hurt, so they get on the defensive when faced with an attack. Failure to acknowledge unwanted emotions can result in the use of potentially destructive defense mechanisms .

What is transference according to Freud?

Transference , first described by Sigmund Freud , is a phenomenon in psychotherapy in which there is an unconscious redirection of feelings from one person to another. In his later writings, Freud learned that understanding the transference was an important piece of the psychotherapeutic work.

Does transference always happen in therapy?

Transference happens everywhere, including within any therapeutic modality. Psychoanalysis just intensifies it (through all that blank screen stuff) and places it under the microscope. 3. Yet another way the term transference is used refers only to loving feelings.

Is transference in therapy a good thing?

Transference can be a good thing . You experience positive transference when you apply enjoyable aspects of your past relationships to your relationship with your therapist . This can have a positive outcome because you see your therapist as caring, wise and concerned about you.

What is proactive countertransference?

Proactive countertransference means the counsellor’s own transference on to the present situation. Proactive countertransference occurs when the counsellor is unawarely transferring material, attitudes or assumptions from their own past on to the client.

Should a therapist hug a client?

Many therapists take a moderate position, offering a pat on the back or an occasional hug if the client asks for it or if a session is particularly grueling. My research suggests that touch in this setting is seldom a simple social gesture.

Zeus Toby

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