Fortunately, almost all of the many individual theoretical models of counseling fall into one or more of six major theoretical categories: humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, psychoanalytic, constructionist and systemic.
Theories help counselors understand the dynamics of human behavior and choose therapeutic approaches appropriate to specific clients and situations. Psychological theories come alive in the counselor’s mind if they are seen as extensions of life experiences of various theorists.
Some of the main types of psychotherapy are outlined below. Psychodynamic ( psychoanalytic) psychotherapy . Cognitive behavioural therapy . Cognitive analytical therapy. Humanistic therapies. Interpersonal psychotherapy. Family and couple (systemic) therapy.
Perhaps the three main approaches are psychodynamic, humanistic and behavioural. Each of these has a different theory and ideas underpinning it, and the therapists and counsellors using each will approach problems and issues in different ways. These three main approaches each support a number of individual therapies.
4 Popular Mental Health Counseling Theories from Grace College Behaviorism. Behavioral theorists hold that actions are determined largely by life experiences. Psychodynamic Theory . Like behavioral theorists, psychodynamic theorists believe that actions are determined largely by life experiences. Cognitive Theory. Humanistic Theories.
Counselling is a process of talking about and working through your personal problems with a counsellor . The counsellor helps you to address your problems in a positive way by helping you to clarify the issues, explore options, develop strategies and increase self-awareness.
Choose Your Orientation by Practice Choose a theoretical orientation based on how comfortable and effective it is for you in practice. Explore the boundaries of what you understand and enjoy about using a theoretical framework beyond the textbook. In therapy, words on a page are much easier read than realized.
Counseling provided by trained professionals can make a profound impact on the lives of individuals, families and communities. This service helps people navigate difficult life situations, such as the death of a loved one, divorce, natural disasters, school stress and the loss of a job.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT ) is the most widely-used therapy for anxiety disorders. Research has shown it to be effective in the treatment of panic disorder, phobias, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder, among many other conditions.
The American Psychological Association suggests considering therapy when something causes distress and interferes with some part of life, particularly when: Thinking about or coping with the issue takes up at least an hour each day. The issue causes embarrassment or makes you want to avoid others.
Experts say cognitive behavioral therapy is the most widely researched psychotherapy , and it’s effective for people with anxiety, depression, eating disorders, mood disorders, bipolar disorder, phobias and insomnia.
Here are some of the most common types of counselors: Marriage and family counseling. Guidance and career counseling. Rehabilitation counseling . Mental health counseling . Substance abuse counseling . Educational Counseling .
A typical psychology master’s program trains students to use psychotherapy to specifically treat severe mental disorders. While a counselor helps clients achieve overall wellness, a psychologist analyzes clients from an exact scientific perspective and then treats their individual problems.
Counselling Tools & Techniques The counselling relationship . The most fundamental aspect of any counselling is the relationship between the counsellor and the client. Talking therapy. Working with emotion. Positive counselling. Changing state. Induction techniques. Focusing. The use of imagination.