“Genetic counseling services can determine if your child is at risk for genetic disorders and provide support along the way and help you prepare for the birth of a child with special needs.” Genetic counselors help people understand how birth defects, genes and medical conditions run in families.
Genetic counselling is the process through which knowledge about the genetic aspects of illnesses is shared by trained professionals with those who are at an increased risk or either having a heritable disorder or of passing it on to their unborn offspring.
Genetic counselors are an important part of the healthcare team. They work with patients and their families to help them understand genetic testing, guide them through the process and help them make informed choices based on their genetic testing results.
What Does a Genetic Counselor Do ? Educate individuals, families , health professionals and communities about family health history, inheritance, genetic testing, management, prevention, resources and research. Collect family health history and provide disease risk assessment.
Advantages & Disadvantages of Genetic Testing A sense of relief from uncertainty. Reduce the risk of cancer by making certain lifestyle changes if you have a positive result. In-depth knowledge about your cancer risk. Information to help make informed medical and lifestyle decisions.
Genetic testing can help identify an inherited condition or disease risk. The test results might help you and your doctor : Choose ways to prevent or treat a condition. Decide which screening tests you need (to find a disease at an early stage when it might be more treatable).
The reasons that a person might be referred to a genetic counselor , medical geneticist, or other genetics professional include: A personal or family history of a genetic condition, birth defect, chromosomal disorder, or hereditary cancer. Two or more pregnancy losses (miscarriages), a stillbirth, or a baby who died.
The sample is sent to a laboratory where technicians look for specific changes in chromosomes, DNA, or proteins, depending on the suspected disorder. The laboratory reports the test results in writing to a person’s doctor or genetic counselor , or directly to the patient if requested.
7 Diseases You Can Learn About from a Genetic Test Intro. (Image credit: Danil Chepko | Dreamstime) Breast and ovarian cancer. Celiac disease . Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) Bipolar disorder. Obesity. Parkinson’s disease . Psoriasis.
The U.S. News Best Job Report of 2020 ranks genetic counselors as #2 for best healthcare support jobs and #25 on the list of top jobs overall. 4 Helping people understand their options and explore their healthcare options can be very rewarding.
Genetic counseling is not necessary for the majority of couples who are pregnant or planning on getting pregnant. Genetic counseling should be considered by couples who have one or more of the following risk factors: Abnormal results from routine prenatal testing.
Questions you might ask your genetic counselor Does the disease in question run in families? If my family member has a disease, might I get it? If I have a disease, are my family members at risk of getting it? Is any kind of genetic testing available? What kind of information can genetic testing give me?
The cost ranges from $250-$4,000 or more, based on the specific test ordered. The genetic counselor will determine the specific genetic test that is recommended for you and discuss the cost of testing prior to ordering any genetic testing.
Most of the visit is spent talking with the geneticist and/or the genetic counselor . The discussion may include information about specific genetic conditions and supportive counseling , when needed. A detailed medical history will be taken.