Although the terms counseling and therapy are often used interchangeably, there is a difference between psychotherapy and psychological counseling . Counseling is also usually more short-term than therapy . Psychotherapy is more long-term than counseling and focuses on a broader range of issues.
The Counselor is a term that can include both the licensed Counselor (who can also hold the title therapist ) and a variety of other occupations from diverse backgrounds such as life coaches or those with little or no training at all.
Psychologists with either degree can practice therapy but are required to complete several years of supervised practice before becoming licensed. A therapist is a broader umbrella term for professionals who are trained—and often licensed—to provide a variety of treatments and rehabilitation for people.
Mental health counselors can conduct research as well, but they usually work primarily with clients. People who have social work licenses can also provide counseling and refer to themselves as mental health counselors . Social workers can also fall under the umbrella of therapists or psychologists.
As of May 2018, the median annual salary for clinical, counseling , and school psychologists was $85,340 per year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The lowest 10 percent of workers earned less than $44,040, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $129,310.
The three major categories of developmental counseling are: Event counseling . Performance counseling . Professional growth counseling .
Some of the main types of psychotherapy are outlined below. Psychodynamic ( psychoanalytic) psychotherapy . Cognitive behavioural therapy . Cognitive analytical therapy. Humanistic therapies. Interpersonal psychotherapy. Family and couple (systemic) therapy.
There’s no set industry standard, so costs can vary widely. According to therapist directory GoodTherapy.org, as well as web therapy resource Talkspace, mental health providers in many cities charge roughly $75 to $150 per 45-minute session, while rates in New York City can be upwards of $200 .
In general, therapists have at least a master’s degree, and many of them can diagnose and treat mental conditions. However, they aren’t medical doctors and can’t prescribe medications. Their goal is to help people understand their feelings and thoughts, make changes to improve themselves and develop life skills.
You have a right to ask how the therapist will use the diagnosis . If you believe your therapist is treating you like a diagnosis and not like a person, discuss this with them.
Most mental health counselors earn between $56,338 and $67,966 after completing a counseling master’s program. Licensed counselors can earn quite a bit more (around $100,000 according to Indeed job listings) if they complete a PhD program after earning a bachelor’s degree and master’s degree.
How do mental health counselor salaries compare to other counseling careers?
|Counseling Career||Average Annual Salary*|
|School and Career Counselor||$61,000|
|Marriage and Family Therapist||$54,590|
|Substance Abuse Counselor||$49,950|