Interpersonal therapy (IPT) is a method of treating depression. IPT is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on you and your relationships with other people. It’s based on the idea that personal relationships are at the center of psychological problems.
IPT is a time-limited (acutely, 12-16 weeks) treatment with three phases : a beginning (1-3 sessions), middle, and end (3 sessions). The initial phase requires the therapist to identify the target diagnosis (MDD) and the interpersonal context in which it presents.
In the interpersonal theory of depression , Coyne (1976) postulated that depressed individuals behave in ways (i.e., reassurance seeking) that foster an interpersonal environment that can both lead to and maintain depression .
Foundations. IPT was influenced by CBT as well as psychodynamic approaches. It takes its structure from CBT in that it is time-limited, employs structured interviews and assessment tools. In general, however, IPT focuses directly on affects, or feelings, whereas CBT focuses on cognitions with strong associated affects.
Interpersonal Skills verbal communication, non-verbal communication, listening skills , negotiation, problem solving, decision-making, assertiveness , patience ,
Interpersonal therapy typically takes place in one-hour sessions, usually weekly, that continue for 12 to 16 weeks . Depending on the severity of the depression , sessions might be continued for an additional four or more weeks.
Context Cognitive therapy (CT) focuses on the modification of biased information processing and dysfunctional beliefs of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) aims to change problematic interpersonal behavior patterns that may have an important role in the maintenance of SAD.
There are more than fifty types of therapeutic approaches. Only a few of them are common, though. There are also some that act as broad categories and contain subtypes. Below are the types you are most likely to encounter.
Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is an evidence – based psychotherapy for depression (Cuijpers et al., 2011) that, like many time-limited therapies , was originally designed to be administered as a 12-to-16 week intervention (Klerman, Weissman, Rounsaville, & Chevron, 1984).
the theory of personality developed by Harry Stack Sullivan , which is based on the belief that people’s interactions with other people, especially significant others, determine their sense of security, sense of self, and the dynamisms that motivate their behavior.
According to Seligman’s learned helplessness theory , depression occurs when a person learns that their attempts to escape negative situations make no difference. As a consequence they become passive and will endure aversive stimuli or environments even when escape is possible.
Stages in Interpersonal Relationships First Stage – Acquaintance. Acquaintance refers to knowing each other. Second Stage – The Build up Stage. This is the stage when the relationship actually grows. Third Stage – Continuation Stage. Fourth Stage – Deterioration. Fifth Stage – The Termination Stage.
Some of the main types of psychotherapy are outlined below. Psychodynamic ( psychoanalytic) psychotherapy . Cognitive behavioural therapy . Cognitive analytical therapy. Humanistic therapies. Interpersonal psychotherapy. Family and couple (systemic) therapy.
HUMANISTIC THERAPY – Emphasis is on the whole person. INTERPERSONAL THERAPY (IPT) – Used to treat depression and other conditions as well as to improve interpersonal relationships.
The goals of IPT-A are to: help adolescents to recognize their feelings and think about how interpersonal events or conflicts might affect their mood; improve communication and problem-solving skills; enhance social functioning and lessen stress experienced in relationships; and. decrease depressive symptoms.